Huhtamaki, J. A. M.|
Simula, T. P.|
|| We have solved numerically the ground states of a Bose-Einstein condensate in the presence of dipolar interparticle forces using a semiclassical approach. Our motivation is to model, in particular, the spontaneous spin textures emerging in quantum gases with large dipole moments, such as Cr-52 or Dy condensates, or ultracold gases consisting of polar molecules. For a pancake-shaped harmonic ( optical) potential, we present the ground-state phase diagram spanned by the strength of the nonlinear coupling and dipolar interactions. In an elongated harmonic potential, we observe a helical spin texture. The textures calculated according to the semiclassical model in the absence of external polarizing fields are predominantly analogous to previously reported results for a ferromagnetic F = 1 spinor Bose-Einstein condensate, suggesting that the spin textures arising from the dipolar forces are largely independent of the value of the quantum number F or the origin of the dipolar interactions.
|| This is an article published by American Physical Society
|| Physical Review A
|| American Physical Society
|Web of Sience KeyUT
|| isVersionOf https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.81.063623