JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32869
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tanakaya, Machiko| Takahashi, Natsuki| Takeuchi, Kazufumi| Katayama, Yusuke| Yumoto, Akihisa| Kohno, Kunihisa| Shiraki, Teruo| Saito, Daiji|
抄録 Postprandial hypotension is an important hemodynamic abnormality in diabetes mellitus, but few reports are available on the relationship between autonomic dysfunction and postprandial hypotension. Ten diabetic patients and 10 healthy volunteers were recruited for this study. Postural blood pressure and heart rate changes were measured before lunch, and then the hemodynamic responses to a standardized meal were investigated. Holter electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring was conducted for assessing spectral powers and time-domain parameters of RR variations. Postural changes from the supine to the upright position decreased the systolic blood pressure of the diabetics from 133(+-)16 to 107(+-)20 mmHg (p<0.01), but did not decrease the systolic blood pressure of the controls. The heart rate remained constant in the diabetics but was increased in the controls. Food ingestion decreased systolic blood pressure in the diabetics, with a maximum reduction of 25(+-)5 mmHg. This decrease was not associated with any changes in the ratio of low frequency to high frequency, and yet the heart rate remained almost constant. Indexes involving parasympathetic tone were not affected. Food ingestion did not affect blood pressure in the control group. These findings suggest that lack of compensatory sympathetic activation is a factor contributing to postprandial hypotension in diabetics, and that parasympathetic drive does not make a significant contribution to this condition.
キーワード postprandial hypotension sympathetic tone RR variability diabetes mellitus
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2007-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
61巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 191
終了ページ 197
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 17726508
Web of Sience KeyUT 000248957100002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31857
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Iwasaki, Jun| Kono, Kunihisa| Katayama, Yusuke| Takahashi, Natsuki| Takeuchi, Kazufumi| Tanakaya, Machiko| Osawa, Kazuhiro| Shiraki, Teruo| Saito, Daiji|
抄録 <p>There is little information available concerning the influence of right bundle branch block (RBBB) on the prognosis of patients with inferior myocardial infarction (MI). In this study we evaluated the influence of RBBB on the short-term prognosis of patients with inferior MI. Our study subjects were 1,265 hospitalized patients with Q wave MI. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on the presence or absence of RBBB and on the location of the infarction. RBBB was classified into 4 categories according to the timing of its appearance and its duration as new permanent, transient, old and age indeterminate. In-hospital death and pulmonary congestion were observed more frequently in patients with RBBB than in those without RBBB. Moreover, in inferior MI as in anterior MI, in-hospital death and pulmonary congestion occurred more frequently in new permanent RBBB patients than in patients with other types of RBBB. Multivariate regression analysis reveals that new permanent RBBB was a strong independent predictor for an adverse short-term prognosis in patients with inferior MI, as well as in patients with anterior MI. New permanent RBBB during inferior MI is a strong independent predictor for increased in-hospital mortality, regardless of the infarction location.</p>
キーワード right bundle branch block inferior infarction in-hospital death new permanent RBBB
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2009-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
63巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 25
終了ページ 33
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 19247420
Web of Sience KeyUT 000263730300004