JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/40133
フルテキストURL 64_4_249.pdf
著者 Masumoto, Akio| Masuyama, Hisashi| Takamoto, Norio| Akahori, Yoichiro| Hiramatsu, Yuji|
抄録 It has been reported that prolactin (PRL) is cleaved to 14 or 16 kDa fragments by cathepsin D in vitro and in vivo, and that such fragments exhibit antiangiogenic and proapoptotic properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) and the placental expression of antiangiogenic PRL fragments and cathepsin D. Placental expression of PRL fragments and cathepsin D was evaluated by Western blot analysis in a group of 9 pregnant women consisting of 5 normal pregnancies and 4 severe PIH cases. Antiangiogenic PRL fragments were detected in 4 placental samples from all PIH cases but not detected in those from normal pregnancies (p0.05). The expression of cathepsin D in PIH placentas was significantly lower than that in those without PIH (p0.05), while the placental expression of procathepsin D was significantly greater in PIH cases than in the normal pregnancies (p0.05). These data suggest that antiangiogenic PRL fragments in the placenta may be present only in PIH cases, and that PRL fragments in the placenta might be implicated in the pathophysiology of PIH.
キーワード pregnancy induced hypertension preeclampsia prolactin prolactin fragment cathepsin-D
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2010-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
64巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 249
終了ページ 255
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 20802542
Web of Sience KeyUT 000281384400006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32847
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Akahori, Yoichiro| Takamoto, Norio| Masumoto, Akio| Inoue, Seiji| Nakatsukasa, Hideki| Masuyama, Hisashi| Hiramatsu, Yuji|
抄録 <p>Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) has been shown to decrease food intake in mouse models of obesity and to improve insulin sensitivity. It is well known that tight regulation of glucose metabolism is essential for successful gestational outcomes (e.g. fetal growth), and that abnormal insulin resistance is associated with preeclampsia (PE). To investigate the possibility that CNTF might be involved in the regulation of insulin resistance during pregnancy, circulating levels of CNTF were assessed in non-pregnant, normal pregnant, postpartum, and pregnant women with PE. Sera from healthy non-pregnant women (n10), pregnant women (n30:1st trimester;n10, 2nd trimester n10;3rd trimester;n10), postpartum women (n10), and patients with PE (n11) were studied with Western blotting. Circulating CNTF was detected by Western blotting, and the levels of CNTF in pregnant women were decreased as compared with those in non-pregnant women, and tended to decrease as pregnancy progressed. A significant decrease was found in PE as compared with normal pregnancy. Circulating CNTF might be associated with physiological and abnormal insulin resistance during pregnancy.</p>
キーワード ciliary neurotrophic factor insulin sensitivity pregnancy preeclampsia placenta
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2010-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
64巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 129
終了ページ 136
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 20424668
Web of Sience KeyUT 000276996900007