JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31685
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kondo, Junichi| Shimomura, Hiroyuki| Fujioka, Shin-ichi| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Takagi, Shinjiro| Ohnishi, Yasuhiro| Tsuji, Hideyuki| Sakaguchi, Kosaku| Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>The preS2 region of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been reported to have human polymerized albumin receptor (PAR) activity, which correlates with viral replication. Here, we studied the genomic sequence of the preS region from rare patients lacking PAR activity, despite active viral replication. PAR and DNA polymerase activity was identified in 178 HBe antigen-positive HBV carriers, and a significant correlation between 2 markers was shown, except in 2 hepatitis patients lacking PAR activity. Nucleotide sequences of the preS region of HBV from both patients were examined by direct sequencing of PCR products. In one patient, a 45-base deletion was found to overlap half of the putative polymerized human albumin binding site in the preS2 region. In the other patient, a point mutation at the first nucleotide of the start codon of the preS2 region of HBV was found. There was no such genomic change in the 3 control HBV sequences. These results indicate that the preS2 region is necessary for binding of polymerized human albumin, and this is the first report of naturally existing mutant virus with no or low PAR activity.</p>
キーワード hepatitis B virus preS region polymerized albumin receptor genetic mutation genetic deletion
Amo Type Article
発行日 2002-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 193
終了ページ 198
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 12199524
Web of Sience KeyUT 000177382600004