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ID 30957
JaLCDOI
フルテキストURL
著者
Takemura, Yoko Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Kishimoto, Takumi Okayama Rosai Hospital
Takigawa, Tomoko Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Kojima, Shinji Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Wanga, Bing-Ling Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sakano, Noriko Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Wang, Da-Hong Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Takaki, Jiro Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Nishide, Tadashi Okayama Occupational Health Promotion Center
Ishikawa, Kou Okayama Occupational Health Promotion Center
Ogino, Keiki Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
抄録

To decrease the incidence of pneumoconiosis, we examined dust protective mask performance and its relation to pulmonary function as well as the effects of worker education on the proper wearing of masks. One hundred and seventy-eight workers from 15 factories subject to dust exposure participated in this study. All participants were interviewed to obtain relevant personal information and underwent both a mask leakage and a pulmonary function test. The mask leakage was expressed as a percentage, with under 10% leakage indicating that the dust protective mask worked efficiently. In addition, 23 workers from 2 factories were educated on how to wear masks properly. The average mask leakage was 24.3%, and 58% of workers wore ineffective masks. Though pulmonary function was almost normal, the percent vital capacity (%VC) tended to be lower depending on the mask leakage. Mask education, which was very easy and took only a short time, dramatically decreased average mask leakage from 32.1% to 10.5% (p0.001). Educating workers to wear masks properly might prevent the worsening of pulmonary function in response to dust exposure. Appropriate mask fitness by education could be useful in preventing the development of pneumoconiosis.

キーワード
pulmonary function
education on proper wearing masks
pneumoconiosis
mask leakage
occupational exposure
Amo Type
Original Article
発行日
2008-04
出版物タイトル
Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
2号
出版者
Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ
75
終了ページ
82
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
言語
English
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
有り
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT