岡山大学工学部Acta Medica Okayama0475-00711411979Iron Losses of Silicon Steel due to Rotating Fluxes (Inclined Rotating Flux and Distorted One)1528ENCharacteristics of iron losses in silicon steel due to inclined rotating fluxes and distorted ones are described. Iron losses due to rotating fluxes have been measured at various conditions for grain-oriented and non-oriented silicon steels by using an improved thermistor-bridge method. Loss measurements indicate that the iron loss due to the inclined rotating flux is greater than that due to the non-inclined one. However, the iron loss due to the distorted rotating flux is not always greater than that due to the non-distorted one.No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.岡山大学工学部Acta Medica Okayama0475-00711811984Finite Element Analysis of Transformer Cores131ENThe quantitative analysis of localized flux distributions in transformer cores has become easy through the progress of numerical field calculations. In this paper, the effects of core constructions, joint configurations, magnetizing characteristics of materials on the flux distributions are examined using newly developed techniques such as a gap element, an approximate method for solving three-dimensional magnetic fields, the time periodicity finite element method, an efficient technique for treating hysteresis characteristics and so on. A method for the optimum design of transformer cores is also discussed. Main results obtained can be summarized as
follows: (a) The building factor of the core made of higely-oriented silicon steel is larger than that of the
conventional core. (b) The iron losses at joints are much affected by overlap lengths, number of laminations per stagger layer and a small irregularity of the arrangement
of sheets. (c) It is clarified that examinations of the optimum construction of core and the most desirable magnetic characteristics of core material are possible using the finite element method.No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama42420063-D topology optimization of single-pole-type head by using design sensitivity analysis10871090ENYoshifumiOkamotoKojiAkiyamaNorioTakahashi<p>It is necessary to develop a write head having a large recording field and small stray field in adjacent tracks and adjacent bits in perpendicular magnetic recording systems. In this paper, a practical three-dimensional topology optimization technique combined with the edge-based finite-element method is proposed. A technique for obtaining a smooth topology is also shown. The optimization of single-pole-type head having a magnetic shield is performed by using the topology optimization technique so that the leakage flux in the adjacent bit can be reduced. A useful shape of the magnetic shield obtained by the proposed technique is illustrated.</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama4222006Improvement of zone control induction heating equipment for high-speed processing of semiconductor devices292294ENDaisukeMiyagiAisyaSaitouNorioTakahashiNaokiUchidaKazuhiroOzaki<p>In order to process a semiconductor device of high quality, uniform heating is necessary, but it is not easy to heat uniformly with conventional induction heating equipment. To solve this problem, zone control induction heating equipment has been jointly developed. In this paper, we examine the effect of dividing an induction heater into several small coil groups having different current and frequency, using the finite-element method. We describe the heating characteristics of the zone control coil groups and show that nearly uniform heating is possible by controlling both current and frequency.</p>No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3551999Single sheet tester having open magnetic path for measurement of magnetostriction of electrical steel sheet39563958ENTomoyaNakaseMasanoriNakanoKojiFujiwaraNorioTakahashi<p>A single sheet tester having closed magnetic path (a closed type of SST) has a problem that measurement accuracy of magnetostriction is considerably affected by electromagnetic force between specimen and yoke. Therefore, an open type has been developed. In order to get uniform flux distribution in a sufficiently large region, a compensating magnetizing winding is installed, and a method of waveform control is investigated, in which applied voltages to main and compensating windings are adjusted individually. The effectiveness of the newly developed open type is demonstrated by measuring magnetostrictions of thin amorphous sheet as well as highly grain-oriented silicon steel sheet</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3932003Study on problems in detecting plural cracks by alternating flux leakage testing using 3D nonlinear eddy current analysis15271530ENYujiGotohNorioTakahashi<p>The alternating magnetic flux leakage testing is used for the detection of cracks in a steel plate. A new technique of how to detect plural cracks, which are located at a very short distance from each other, using the parallel (x-) component of the leakage flux density is proposed. The behavior of leakage flux is examined using a three-dimensional edge-based hexahedral finite-element method. The effects of dimensions of search coils and cracks on the detection accuracy are illustrated. </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3852002Effect of eddy current in shielding plate and electron gun on flux distribution in CRT23522354ENNorioTakahashiYoshiyukiOchiKatsumiNakanoKojiShimadaHiromiWakasono<p>The eddy current induced in an inner magnetic shield (IMS) and an electron gun affect the flux distribution of a cathode ray tube, causing a possible degrade of picture quality. In this paper, the effect of the distance between an IMS and a deflection coil on the eddy-current distribution is examined. The eddy current induced in the electron gun, when the coils for velocity modulation (VM) are set near the electron gun, is also analyzed. It is found that the variation of flux distribution is mainly affected by the shape of VM coil.</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama1999Improvements of single sheet testers for measurement of 2-D magnetic properties up to high flux densityENMasanoriNakanoHidehikoNishimotoKojiFujiwaraNorioTakahashi<p>Due to structural limitation, the currently proposed apparatus based on a single sheet tester (SST) cannot measure magnetic properties along arbitrary directions (so-called 2-D magnetic properties) of silicon steel at high flux densities. In this paper, significant improvements are carried out on magnetizing windings and auxiliary yokes of a double excitation type of SST. Furthermore, crosswise overlapped H-coils are introduced so that even an ordinary single-excitation type of SST can be applicable to the measurements of 2-D properties. It is demonstrated that 2-D magnetization property up to 1.9 T can be measured by using the newly developed SST's</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3642000Analysis of magnetic characteristics of three-phase reactor made of grain-oriented silicon steel18941897ENTakashiKohsakaNorioTakahashiShuichiNogawaMinoruKuwata<p>Flux and iron loss distributions of three-phase reactor are analyzed using the finite element method considering 2-D B-H curves and iron losses in arbitrary directions which are measured up to high flux density. It is shown that the total iron loss of reactor yoke does not change so much by the yoke dimension, although the local iron loss is increased when the width of yoke is decreased. The experimental verification of flux and iron loss distributions are also carried out </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2411988Physical meaning of gradФ in eddy current analysisusing magnetic vector potential178181ENN.NakataNorioTakahashiK.Fujiwara<p>The physical meaning of the gradφ in the A-φ method is investigated in order to determine when it can be safely neglected in order to reduce computation time. The relationship between eddy current distribution and gradφ and the effects of boundary conditions on gradφ are examined for several 2-D examples. It is shown that gradφ in 2-D analysis is a constant that modifies the interlinkage flux of the conductor, which is denoted by the magnetic vector potential A</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3231996Linear AC steady-state eddy current analysis of high speed conductor using moving coordinate system749752ENKazuhiroMuramatsuTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiKojiFujiwara<p>A method for linear analysis of AC steady state eddy currents in a moving conductor using a moving coordinate system is investigated. It is shown that the moving coordinate system is superior to a fixed coordinate system for the analysis of a high speed conductors from the standpoint of stability of the solution. The applicable extent of the moving coordinate system is also discussed for the modelling of electric machine characteristics </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama33219973-D time-periodic finite element analysis of magnetic field in non-oriented materials taking into account hysteresis characteristics15841587ENKazuhiroMuramatsuNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataMasanoriNakanoYasuoEjiri<p>Problems in analyzing 3-D stationary nonlinear magnetic field in non-oriented material taking into account hysteresis characteristics and eddy current, such as finite element formulation and convergence of nonlinear iteration, are discussed</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3752000Nonlinear analysis of eddy current and hysteresis losses of 3-D stray field loss model (Problem 21)36723675ENNorioTakahashiToshiomiSakuraZhiguangCheng<p>The evaluation method of stray field loss of engineering oriented loss model (TEAM Workshop Problem 21) is investigated. It is shown that the nonlinear eddy current analysis is obligatory in order to investigate the eddy current loss in the steel plate, because the flux and eddy current in steel are affected by the permeability of the plate. The hysteresis loss in such a steel plate having a substantial skin effect is not negligible, even if the flux density in air is small</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama38220023-D nonlinear eddy-current analysis of alternating magnetic flux leakage testing - analysis of one crack and two cracks12091212ENYujiGotohNorioTakahashi<p>The alternating magnetic flux leakage testing has been applied in the nondestructive inspection process for detecting cracks on the surface of steel. This paper describes numerical analysis using three-dimensional (3-D) edge-based hexahedral finite element method for this testing. The necessity of nonlinear analysis is clarified in comparison with the linear analysis (jω method). The characteristic of leakage flux is confirmed by verification experiment. The possibility of distinguishing two cracks is examined by calculating the detailed distribution of leakage flux around cracks </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3551999Improvements of single sheet testers for measurement of 2-D magnetic properties up to high flux density39653967ENMasanoriNakanoHidehikoNishimotoKojiFujiwaraNorioTakahashi<p>Due to structural limitation, the currently proposed apparatus based on a single sheet tester (SST) cannot measure magnetic properties along arbitrary directions (so-called 2-D magnetic properties) of silicon steel at high flux densities. In this paper, significant improvements are carried out on magnetizing windings and auxiliary yokes of a double excitation type of SST. Furthermore, crosswise overlapped H-coils are introduced so that even an ordinary single-excitation type of SST can be applicable to the measurements of 2-D properties. It is demonstrated that 2-D magnetization property up to 1.9 T can be measured by using the newly developed SST's</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama42420063-D topology optimization of single-pole-type head by using design sensitivity analysis10871090ENYoshifumiOkamotoKojiAkiyamaNorioTakahashi<p>It is necessary to develop a write head having a large recording field and small stray field in adjacent tracks and adjacent bits in perpendicular magnetic recording systems. In this paper, a practical three-dimensional topology optimization technique combined with the edge-based finite-element method is proposed. A technique for obtaining a smooth topology is also shown. The optimization of single-pole-type head having a magnetic shield is performed by using the topology optimization technique so that the leakage flux in the adjacent bit can be reduced. A useful shape of the magnetic shield obtained by the proposed technique is illustrated. </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama1992Low loss transformer using rotating magnetic field2828ENTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiKojiFujiwaraMasanoriNakanoM.NagaoNo potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3531999Magneto-thermal-fluid analysis taking account of natural convection using semi-Lagrange coordinate system16701673ENKazuhiroMuramatsuNorioTakahashiTakayukiMimura<p>A method for magneto-thermal-fluid analysis, taking account of natural convection using a semi-Lagrange coordinate system, is developed. The developed method is applied to a simple induction heating model in which the steel plate is heated due to an eddy current. It is shown that the result, considering the convection in air, is different from the result neglecting it</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama4152005Investigation of AC loss of permanent magnet of SPM motor considering hysteresis and eddy-current losses19641967ENA.FukumaSusumuKanazawaDaisukeMiyagiNorioTakahashi<p>NdFeB sintered magnets are widely used in rotating electrical machines. In order to develop an efficient rotating machine, it is important to estimate ac loss of the permanent magnet of rotor precisely. In this paper, the ac losses of the permanent magnet of IEEJ model (surface permanent-magnet motor model) are examined by using the three-dimensional finite-element method taking into account the newly measured hysteresis losses of permanent magnet. The result shows that we should consider not only the eddy-current loss but also the hysteresis loss, when the frequency of ac field due to a slot ripple is of the order of several hundred hertz.</p>No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3051994Investigation of a model to verify software for 3-D static force calculation34833486ENNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataH.Morishige<p>Requirements for a model to verify software for 3-D static force calculation are examined, and a 3-D model for static force calculation is proposed. Some factors affecting the analysis and experiments are investigated in order to obtain accurate and reproducible results </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3531999Problems in practical finite element analysis using Preisach hysteresis model12431246ENNorioTakahashiShun-ichiMiyabaraKojiFujiwara<p>An efficient method, which is called the “inverse distribution function method”, for calculating the magnetic field strength H from the flux density B through the Preisach model is developed. By using the method, H can be directly obtained without iteration from B which is calculated by the usual FEM, with the magnetic vector potential as an unknown variable. The effects of the dimension n of the inverse distribution function on the CPU time and the memory requirements are investigated through a numerical example by increasing the dimension n of the inverse distribution function. It is shown that the additional CPU time for taking account of hysteresis is negligible when n is less than about 200</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3131995Practical analysis of 3-D dynamic nonlinear magnetic field using time-periodic finite element method14161419ENNorioTakahashiKojiFujiwaraTakayoshiNakataYoichiOgura<p>A practical 3-D finite element method using edge elements for analyzing stationary nonlinear magnetic fields with eddy currents in electric apparatus, in which the flux interlinking the voltage winding is given, has been proposed. The method is applied to the analysis of magnetic fields in the Epstein frame </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3822002Effective optimal design of 3-D magnetic device having complicated coil using edge element and Biot-Savart method10211024ENTakumaOhnishiNorioTakahashi<p>It is troublesome and time consuming to treat a coil of complicated shape with optimization methods using edge elements, because the current vector potential in the coil of changed shape (changed mesh) should be calculated at each iteration of the optimization. In this paper, an effective optimal design method using the Biot-Savart method (As method) and the evolution strategy is investigated. As it is not necessary to generate a mesh for the coil by using the As method, the mesh becomes simple and, moreover, it is not necessary to calculate the current vector potential in the changed coil at each iteration in order to give the current vector potential in the coil. The usefulness of the proposed method is illustrated by applying it to the optimal design of a deflection coil for a cathode-ray tube</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3822002A proposal of finite-element analysis considering two-dimensional magnetic properties889892ENKojiFujiwaraTakayukiAdachiNorioTakahashi<p>A technique for analyzing the magnetic field in anisotropic material using the effective anisotropic reluctivity proposed by Enokizono is examined. It is shown that the Enokizono model can be transformed into another model having a conventional form. By expanding the examination of such a conventional form, a new finite element formulation for taking account of the two-dimensional (2-D) magnetic property is proposed. As the modeling of the 2-D magnetic property at the high flux density region is important in the practical analysis of the magnetic device, the extrapolation method of the magnetic property is examined. It is shown that the Bezier interpolation is fairly effective to stabilize the convergence characteristic of the Newton-Raphson (N-R) iteration in the nonlinear magnetic field analysis, taking account of the 2-D magnetic property </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama1993Measurement of Magnetic characteristics in arbitrary directions of grain-oriented silicon steelENTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiKojiFujiwaraMasanoriNakanoNo potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2851992Study on cause of quenching at the joint between multifilamentary superconducting cable and normal conducting cable using 3D FEM28262828ENNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataY.FujiiK.FunakiM.Takeo<p>Investigates the cause of quenching at the joint between a multifilamentary superconducting cable and a normal conducting cable. The 3D current distribution is analyzed. It is found that the cause of quenching is the extreme concentration of current in the joint due to the pronounced skin effect at liquid helium temperature. The mechanism of the concentration of current which is affected by the twist pitch and skin depth is also clarified quantitatively by numerical analysis</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3441998Measuring system for magnetostriction of silicon steel sheet under AC excitation using optical methods20722074ENTomoyaNakaseMasanoriNakanoKojiFujiwaraNorioTakahashi<p>A measuring system for magnetostriction of silicon steel sheet using optical methods and a single sheet tester has been developed to establish a standard test method for IEC and JIS. Various factors affecting measurement accuracy and reproducibility of the developed system are examined. Two optical instruments, such as a laser Doppler vibrometer and a heterodyne displacement meter, are compared. 3-D characteristics of magnetostriction under ac excitation in the rolling direction are measured up to 2.0 T </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2921992A simple algorithm for adaptive refinement of tetrahedral meshes combined with edge elements18981901ENPiotrOlszewskiTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiKojiFujiwara<p>A simple algorithm yielding unique face subdivision patterns of locally refined tetrahedral elements by the Delaunay tessellation process is presented. Due to the numerous advantages of edge elements, the algorithm is combined with the magnetostatic edge element computer code. A comparative analysis of four different error estimates used to locate elements for refinement, including a new one suitable for edge elements, is described. The performance of the proposed algorithm and the effectiveness of the error estimates are demonstrated by means of three-dimensional test problems </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2002Effect of eddy current in shielding plate and electron gun on flux distribution in CRTENNorioTakahashiKojiShimadaH.Wakasono<p>Summary form only given. An inner magnetic shield (IMS) is set inside a cathode ray tube (CRT) to reduce the disturbance from outside of the CRT, such as geomagnetism. The eddy current induced in the IMS due to the changing current in the deflection coil may affect the flux distribution in the CRT. The eddy current is also induced in the electron gun when coils for velocity modulation (VM) are set near the gun. Although the effect of the eddy current is important, reports about the analysis of this phenomenon are few. In this paper, the effect of the eddy current in the IMS and electron gun on flux distribution in the CRT is analyzed by using the 3-D finite element method.</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama37520003-D optimization of design variables in x-, y- and z-directions of transformer tank shield model36313634ENMakotoHoriiNorioTakahashiJunTakehara<p>By using the automatic 3-D mesh generation technique using hexahedral elements, which is applicable when design variables are changed in x-, y- and z-directions, a transformer tank shield model is optimized. The volume of tank shield can be considerably reduced by using the Rosenbrock's method (RBM) compared with the previous result having design variables in one direction. It is shown that the determination of initial values for RBM using the experimental design method (EDM) is indispensable for the practical application of the optimization method to obtain a desired result within an acceptable CPU time </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3642000Effect of continuity of potential on accuracy in magnetic field analysis using nonconforming mesh15781582ENKazuhiroMuramatsuYasuhiroYokoyamaNorioTakahashiAndrewNafalskiOzdemirGol<p>Methods of analyzing magnetic fields in rotating machines using nonconforming meshes, in which only an interpolation technique is applied, are investigated. The effect of the continuity of potentials at nonconforming surfaces on accuracy is examined, it is shown that although the flux distribution is not affected by the discontinuity of the potential, the force and torque are fairly affected by the discontinuity. Therefore, it is shown that a continuous method, or a discontinuous method using a fine mesh should be used especially in force and torque calculation. An analysis of an induction motor is also carried out using a nonconforming mesh</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3932003Study on problems in detecting plural cracks by alternating flux leakage testing using 3D nonlinear eddy current analysis15271530ENYujiGotohNorioTakahashi<p>The alternating magnetic flux leakage testing is used for the detection of cracks in a steel plate. A new technique of how to detect plural cracks, which are located at a very short distance from each other, using the parallel (x-) component of the leakage flux density is proposed. The behavior of leakage flux is examined using a three-dimensional edge-based hexahedral finite-element method. The effects of dimensions of search coils and cracks on the detection accuracy are illustrated.</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2551989Optimal design method of 3-D nonlinear magnetic circuit by using magnetization integral equation method41444146ENNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataN.Uchiyama<p>A novel method for determining the sizes of iron parts in a magnetic circuit, which preserves the requirement of prescribed flux densities, has been developed. In order to take into account the nonlinear characteristics of iron, the magnetization integral equation method is used in the analysis. The effectiveness of the method is examined by applying it to the pole shape of an electromagnet. The developed software was verified by comparing calculated results with measured ones</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3451997Optimization of permanent magnet type of retarder using 3-D finite element method and direct search method441416ENNorioTakahashiMitsutoshiNatsumedaKazuhiroMuramatsuChujiYamadaMakotoOgawaShinKobayashiTohruKuwahara<p>3-D optimization method using the combined experimental design method and direct search method is developed to apply to the optimal design of a permanent magnet type of retarder. It is shown that the braking torque is increased by using the optimization method. The CPU time can be considerably reduced by utilizing the initial values obtained by the experimental design method </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama4042004Analysis of writing characteristics of CF-SPT head using 3-D read/write simulation system26132615ENMasayaOhtakeNorioTakahashiKiminariShinagawa<p>Recently, the increase of areal recording density is remarkable. In order to develop a high density recording device, a read/write (R/W) simulation using three dimensional (3-D) magnetic field analysis is indispensable. In this paper, the magnetic field in a cusp-field single-pole-type (CF-SPT) head with discrete track media is analyzed using a 3-D R/W simulation system, in which edge-based finite element method and 3-D medium hysteresis model based on the ensemble of the Stoner-Wohlfarth (SW) particles are combined. The effects of ampereturns and the discrete track media on the distribution of recorded magnetization are investigated. The detailed behavior of flux around the discrete track media and continuous media is illustrated.</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3061994Magnetostriction measurements with a laser Doppler velocimeter45634565ENTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiMasanoriNakanoKazuhiroMuramatsuMasahideMiyake<p>A new method for measuring the magnetostriction of silicon steel sheet using a laser Doppler velocimeter has been developed. This method has the following advantages: (a) non-contact measurement, (b) better resolution (less than 4×10-8 m under the condition that the error is within 1%) than conventional methods, (c) measurement of magnetostriction in any direction of anisotropic material and (d) little operator skill required </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3642000Optimal design of tank shield model of transformer10891093ENNorioTakahashiTetsuroKitamuraMakotoHoriiJunTakehara<p>A tank shield model of a transformer which is proposed by the Investigation Committee of IEE of Japan is analyzed. This is a model having the constraint that the maximum eddy current density should be less than a specified value. The automatic 3D mesh generation technique for hexahedral element is investigated for the optimal design of such a model. It is shown that reasonable results that satisfy the specified constraints can be obtained using Rosenbrock's method within the acceptable CPU time. The experimental verification is also carried out</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama1992Accuracy of Advanced Energy Method for Calculating Electromagnetic ForceENNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataK.FujiwaraT.MoriwakeNo potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.IEEEActa Medica Okayama1051-82231422004The shielding effect of HTS power cable based on E-J power law654657ENDaisukeMiyagiSatoruIwataTomohiroWakatsukiNorioTakahashiShinjiToriiKiyotakaUedaKenjiYasudaA method for analysing the current distribution in high-T/sub c/ superconducting (HTS) power cable is examined by the aid of the novel use of anisotropic conductivity and 3-D finite element method considering E-J power law characteristic. The detailed current distribution in the cable is illustrated and the shielding effect of HTS shield layer with intervals is also examined. It is shown that AC losses in shield layer with intervals are increased when the interval between wires becomes large.No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2761991Factors affecting errors due to 2-D approximate analysis of 3-D magnetic fields with eddy currents [rotating machines]52235225ENNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataK.FujiwaraT.Nishimura<p>The effects of the leakage flux, eddy current path, and end coil of electric machines on the flux and eddy current density analyzed by the 2-D approximation are investigated systematically by making a comparison with 3-D analysis. It is shown that, when the gap length is relatively large, the difference between the fluxes calculated by 2-D and 3-D analyses is pronounced due to the leakage flux. The flux in the pole obtained by 3-D analysis is larger than that obtained by 2-D analysis under constant current excitation, and the flux obtained by 3-D analysis is less than that obtained by 2-D analysis under constant voltage excitation. When the eddy current flows in the thin core, a larger error occurs in the 2-D analysis, because there is a great difference in eddy current paths between 2-D and 3-D models</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama25519893-D non-linear eddy current analysis using the time-periodic finite element method41504152ENTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiKojiFujiwaraAkiraAhagon<p>A three-dimensional finite element method using the A-φ formulation for analyzing time-periodic nonlinear magnetic fields with eddy currents has been developed. The CPU time of this method can be reduced to below that of the conventional step-by-step method, because the new method calculates the time-periodic phenomena directly, not through the transient phenomena. The finite element discretization of the method is described in detail. As an example of application, a loaded transformer is analyzed </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama19973-D eddy current analysis in moving conductors of permanent magnet type retarders using moving coordinate systemENKazuhiroMuramatsuNorioTakahashiTomohiroHashinoChujiYamadaSusumuKobayashiTohruKuwahara<p>A 3-D DC steady state eddy current analysis of a permanent magnet type retarder which rotates at high speed is carried out using a moving coordinate system. The method of DC steady state analysis using a moving coordinate system is described. The calculated results, braking torque etc., are compared with measured ones</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama1989Optimal design method of 3-D nonlinear magnetic circuit by using magnetization integral equation methodENNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataN.Uchiyama<p>A novel method for determining the sizes of iron parts in a magnetic circuit, which preserves the requirement of prescribed flux densities, has been developed. In order to take into account the nonlinear characteristics of iron, the magnetization integral equation method is used in the analysis. The effectiveness of the method is examined by applying it to the pole shape of an electromagnet. The developed software was verified by comparing calculated results with measured ones</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3642006Investigation of evolution strategy and optimization of induction heating model10851088ENMakotoHoriiNorioTakahashiTakashiNarita<p>An optimal design method using the finite element method and the evolution strategy (ES) is investigated. The evolution strategy is applied to the optimization of induction heating model. The position of auxiliary coil, frequency and ampere-turns are optimized so that the distribution of eddy current density on the surface of steel becomes uniform. It is shown that the selection of the appropriate parameter is important in the practical application of ES</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama27519913-D finite element analysis of coupling current in multifilamentary AC superconducting cable40614064ENNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataY.FujiiKazuhiroMuramatsuM.KitagawaJunTakehara<p>A method for analyzing the 3-D coupling current which is induced by an AC magnetic field in a multifilamentary superconducting cable is developed. In this method, such a superconducting cable, in which many twisted filaments are embedded in a matrix, is treated as macroscopic, having anisotropic conductivity. The method for treating the anisotropy of conductivity and the 3-D finite-element formulation are presented. The effectiveness of the technique is illustrated by the analysis of the 3-D coupling currents of superconducting cables.</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama19893-D non-linear eddy current analysis using the time-periodic finite element methodENTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiKojiFujiwaraAkiraAhagon<p>A three-dimensional finite element method using the A-φ formulation for analyzing time-periodic nonlinear magnetic fields with eddy currents has been developed. The CPU time of this method can be reduced to below that of the conventional step-by-step method, because the new method calculates the time-periodic phenomena directly, not through the transient phenomena. The finite element discretization of the method is described in detail. As an example of application, a loaded transformer is analyzed </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2821992Investigation of effectiveness of edge elements16191622ENNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataK.FujiwaraT.Imai<p>The effectiveness of the edge element is investigated by comparing systematically the number of unknown variables with that of the nodal element. It is shown that the edge element is superior to the nodal element from the standpoints of computer storage and CPU time. The 3-D periodic boundary condition for the edge element is also derived in order to reduce the computer storage and the CPU time</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3241996Numerical and experimental investigations of current distribution at the joint between AC superconducting cable and normal conducting plate29622965ENNorioTakahashiKazuhiroMuramatsuMasanoriNakanoY.SatoT.Kondo<p>The effect of the configuration of the joint between an ac superconducting cable and a normal conducting plate on the current distribution and the joule loss is investigated by using the 3-D finite element method. It is shown that the concentration of current can be reduced by changing the configuration of joint. The effectiveness of the analysis is verified by measuring the current distribution on the surface of a copper plate and the quenching current </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3531999Magneto-thermal-fluid analysis taking account of natural convection using semi-Lagrange coordinate system16701673ENKazuhiroMuramatsuNorioTakahashiTakayukiMimura<p>A method for magneto-thermal-fluid analysis, taking account of natural convection using a semi-Lagrange coordinate system, is developed. The developed method is applied to a simple induction heating model in which the steel plate is heated due to an eddy current. It is shown that the result, considering the convection in air, is different from the result neglecting it</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3131995Practical analysis of 3-D dynamic nonlinear magnetic field using time-periodic finite element methodENTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiKojiFujiwaraKazuhiroMuramatsuHiromitsuOhashiHui LingZhu<p>A practical 3-D finite element method using edge elements for analyzing stationary nonlinear magnetic fields with eddy currents in electric apparatus, in which the flux interlinking the voltage winding is given, has been proposed. The method is applied to the analysis of magnetic fields in the Epstein frame </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3131995Practical analysis of 3-D dynamic nonlinear magnetic field using time-periodic finite element method14161419ENTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiKojiFujiwaraKazuhiroMuramatsuHiromitsuOhashiHui LingZhu<p>A practical 3-D finite element method using edge elements for analyzing stationary nonlinear magnetic fields with eddy currents in electric apparatus, in which the flux interlinking the voltage winding is given, has been proposed. The method is applied to the analysis of magnetic fields in the Epstein frame </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama40220043-D finite element analysis of current distribution in HTS power cable taking account of E-J power law characteristic908911ENDaisukeMiyagiTomohiroWakatsukiNorioTakahashiShinjiToriiKiyotakaUeda<p>A method for analyzing the current distribution in high-T/sub c/ superconducting (HTS) power cable is examined by the aid of the novel use of anisotropic conductivity and three-dimensional finite element method in consideration of the E-J power law characteristic. The detailed current distribution in the cable is illustrated and the shielding effect of HTS shield is also examined.</p>No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3231996Investigation of simulated annealing method and its application to optimal design of die mold for orientation of magnetic powder12101213ENNorioTakahashiKenjiEbiharaKojiYoshidaTakayoshiNakataKenOhashiKojiMiyata<p>Factors affecting the convergence characteristics and results obtained by the optimal design method using the finite element method and simulated annealing are investigated systematically, and the optimal parameters for simulated annealing method are obtained. The optimal shape of the die mold for orientation of the magnetic powder (nonlinear magnetostatic problem) is obtained using finite elements and simulated annealing. The experimental verification is also carried out </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama4152005Magnetic shield design of perpendicular magnetic recording head by using topology optimization technique17881791ENYoshifumiOkamotoMasayaOhtakeNorioTakahashi<p>It is necessary to develop a recording head having large recording field and small stray field to adjacent tracks and adjacent bits in perpendicular magnetic recording system. In this paper, in order to decrease the leakage flux in the adjacent bit, the approach of magnetic shield design of perpendicular magnetic recording head for 200 Gb/in/sup 2/ is performed by using the topology optimization technique.</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama1992Study on cause of quench at joint between multifilamentary superconducting cable and copper plate using 3-D FEM294294ENNorioTakahashiTakayoshiNakataY.FujiiK.FunabikiM.TakeoNo potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama1997Some useful techniques in analysis and design of electric machinesENNorioTakahashi<p>Some new techniques in the analysis and design of electric machines are discussed, namely: the time-periodic analysis of the magnetic field in nonoriented materials, taking into account hysteresis characteristics; 3-D transient analysis of capacitor-discharge impulse magnetizers; and a 3-D optimization method of electric machines considering nonlinearity and eddy currents. The usefulness of these techniques is shown by applying them to actual machines and comparisons with measurement results </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3642000Thin film write head field analysis using a benchmark problem17841787ENKojiFujiwaraFumiakiIkedaAkihisaKameariYasushiKanaiKimioNakamuraNorioTakahashiKojiTaniTakashiYamada<p>A benchmark problem has been proposed by the Storage Research Consortium (SRC) in Japan, for evaluating the applicability of computer codes to 3-D nonlinear eddy current analysis of thin film magnetic recording write head. Various codes using the finite element method are compared in terms of the write head field and the computational efficiency. The difficulty in 3-D mesh generation of thin film head is also discussed. The write head fields calculated by various codes using different meshes show fairly good agreement. The calculated write head fields are verified by measurement using a stroboscopic electron beam tomography. It is found that the calculation time strongly depends on unknown variables </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2411988Improvements of the T-Ω method for 3-D eddy current analysis9497ENTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiK.fujiwaraY.Okada<p>An improved T-Ω method that can analyze magnetic fields produced not only by eddy currents but also by magnetizing currents is proposed. The method is applied to the analysis of 3-D eddy-current models with holes. The usefulness of the method is investigated by comparing calculated results with measured results and with results obtained by the A-Φ method. The T-Ω method has the advantage that the CPU time can be considerably reduced when most of the analyzed region is current-free and the eddy current flows two-dimensionally. The method is especially effective when the shape of the winding is simple and the distribution of magnetizing current is known beforehand. It is not effective when most of the analyzed region is current-carrying</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2006Effects of residual magnetism due to minor loop on magnetic property of permanent magnet type of MRIENNorioTakahashiRyousukeSuenagaKojiMiyataKenOhashi<p>Summary form only given. The flux distribution of a permanent magnet type of MRI shown in Fig.1 is affected by the hysteresis (minor loop) and eddy currents in the pole piece and yoke due to the pulse current (Fig.2) of the gradient coil. In this paper, the effects of the hysteresis and the eddy current in the yoke on the residual flux density of the probe coil are investigated. It can be assumed that the eddy current does not flow in the pole piece because it is divided into pieces. The eddy current flows in the yoke. Fig.3 shows the change of residual flux density /spl Delta/B/sub z/ at the point S(0,0) in Fig.1. /spl Delta/B/sub z/ is given by /spl Delta/B/sub z/=B/sub z1/-B/sub z0/ (1), where B/sub z0/ is the flux density at the instant t=0(I=0A). B/sub z1/ is the flux density at the instant t=i(I=0A). The instant of 1,2,3,... in Fig.2 corresponds to 1,2,3,... in Fig.3. Fig.3 shows that the hysteresis in the pole piece and yoke should be taken into account. The effect of eddy current in the yoke on the residual flux density /spl Delta/B/sub z/ is not negligible. These results suggests that the reduction of the amplitudes of minor loop and eddy current is important in order to improve the operating characteristics of the permanent magnet type of MRI.</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3131995On the continuity of the magnetizing current density in 3-D magnetic field analysis with edge element13641367ENKojiFujiwaraTakayoshiNakataNorioTakahashiHiromitsuOhashi<p>The effects of the continuity of the magnetizing current density on the convergence of the incomplete Cholesky conjugate gradient method and the accuracy of the calculated flux densities are investigated by imposing different continuity conditions for both nodal and edge elements. It is shown that the continuity condition should be imposed precisely in the case of edge elements </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3932003Analysis of the magnetic property of a permanent-magnet-type MRI - Behavior of residual magnetization13371340ENNorioTakahashiRyousukeSuenagaKojiMiyataKenOhashi<p>The minor loops of B and H of steel due to pulse excitation and eddy currents induced in steel affect the magnetic characteristics of a permanent-magnet-type MRI. In this paper, the magnetic properties of a permanent magnet assembly is examined by using the finite-element method taking into account minor loop. The distribution of residual magnetization in the yoke is illustrated, and the effect of residual magnetization on the behavior of residual flux density is examined. It is shown that the behavior of B and H in minor loops is affected by the eddy currents in the yoke and pole piece.</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3531999Effect of minor loop on magnetic characteristics of permanent magnet type of MRI18931896ENNorioTakahashiTakeshiKayanoKojiMiyataKenOhashi<p>A modeling technique of the minor loop using typical hysteresis loops is shown. The effect of the minor loop and eddy current in the pole piece of a permanent magnet type of MRI on the residual flux density of the probe coil is examined. It is illustrated that the change ΔB of residual flux density occurs due to the minor loop of the pole piece. It is also pointed out that the choice of time interval Δt is important in a nonlinear analysis considering the minor loop</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama1999Single sheet tester having open magnetic path for measurement of magnetostriction of electrical steel sheet39563958ENTomoyaNakaseMasanoriNakanoKojiFujiwaraNorioTakahashi<p>A single sheet tester having closed magnetic path (a closed type of SST) has a problem that measurement accuracy of magnetostriction is considerably affected by electromagnetic force between specimen and yoke. Therefore, an open type has been developed. In order to get uniform flux distribution in a sufficiently large region, a compensating magnetizing winding is installed, and a method of waveform control is investigated, in which applied voltages to main and compensating windings are adjusted individually. The effectiveness of the newly developed open type is demonstrated by measuring magnetostrictions of thin amorphous sheet as well as highly grain-oriented silicon steel sheet </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3551999Improvements of single sheet testers for measurement of 2-D magnetic properties up to high flux density39653967ENMasanoriNakanoHidehikoNishimotoKojiFujiwaraNorioTakahashi<p>Due to structural limitation, the currently proposed apparatus based on a single sheet tester (SST) cannot measure magnetic properties along arbitrary directions (so-called 2-D magnetic properties) of silicon steel at high flux densities. In this paper, significant improvements are carried out on magnetizing windings and auxiliary yokes of a double excitation type of SST. Furthermore, crosswise overlapped H-coils are introduced so that even an ordinary single-excitation type of SST can be applicable to the measurements of 2-D properties. It is demonstrated that 2-D magnetization property up to 1.9 T can be measured by using the newly developed SST's</p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama3441998Measuring system for magnetostriction of silicon steel sheet under AC excitation using optical methodsENTomoyaNakaseMasanoriNakanoKojiFujiwaraNorioTakahashi<p>A measuring system for magnetostriction of silicon steel sheet using optical methods and a single sheet tester has been developed to establish a standard test method for IEC and JIS. Various factors affecting measurement accuracy and reproducibility of the developed system are examined. Two optical instruments, such as a laser Doppler vibrometer and a heterodyne displacement meter, are compared. 3-D characteristics of magnetostriction under ac excitation in the rolling direction are measured up to 2.0 T </p>
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama1999An open magnetic path type of single sheet tester for measurement of magnetostriction of electrical steel sheetENTomoyaNakaseMasanoriNakanoKojiFujiwaraNorioTakahashiNo potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.Acta Medica Okayama2005Improvement of zone control induction heating equipment for high-speed processing of semiconductor10691070ENDaisukeMiyagiAisyaSaitohNorioTakahashiNaokiUchidaKazuhiroOzaki<p>In this paper, the effect of dividing into several small coil groups having different current and frequency on heating characteristics is investigated using FEM (finite element method). The heating characteristics of graphite of each coil is examined, and a useful information for controlling current and frequency, which realize the nearly uniform heating, is obtained.</p>No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.