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ID 52819
フルテキストURL
著者
Mizutani, Shinsuke Okayama Univ, Dept Prevent Dent, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci
Ekuni, Daisuke Okayama Univ, Dept Prevent Dent, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci
Furuta, Michiko Kyushu Univ, Fac Dent Sci, Div Oral Hlth Growth & Dev, Sect Prevent & Publ Hlth Dent
Tomofuji, Takaaki Okayama Univ, Dept Prevent Dent, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci
Irie, Koichiro Okayama Univ, Dept Prevent Dent, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci
Azuma, Tetsuji Okayama Univ, Dept Prevent Dent, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci
Kojima, Azusa Okayama Univ, Dept Prevent Dent, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci
Nagase, Jun Okayama Univ, Dept Prevent Dent, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci
Iwasaki, Yoshiaki Okayama Univ, Hlth Serv Ctr
Morita, Manabu Okayama Univ, Dept Prevent Dent, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci
抄録
Aim Although self-efficacy is known to affect various health-related practises, few studies have clearly examined how self-efficacy correlates with oral health behaviors or the oral health condition. We examined the relationship between gingivitis, oral health behaviors and self-efficacy in university students. Material & Methods A total of 2,111 students (1,197 males, 914 females) aged 18 and 19 years were examined. The degree of gingivitis was expressed as the percentage of bleeding on probing (%BOP). Additional information was collected via a questionnaire regarding oral health behaviors (daily frequency of tooth-brushing, use of dental floss and regular check-up). Self-efficacy was assessed using the Self-Efficacy Scale for Self-care (SESS). Path analysis was used to test pathways from self-efficacy to oral health behaviors and %BOP. Results In the final structural model, self-efficacies were related to each other, and they affected oral health behaviors. Good oral health behaviors reduced dental plaque and calculus, and lower levels of dental plaque and calculus resulted in lower %BOP. Conclusion Higher self-efficacy correlated with better oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students. Improving self-efficacy may be beneficial for maintaining good gingival health in university students. To prevent gingivitis, the approach of enhancing self-efficacy in university students would be useful.
キーワード
behavioral science
cross-sectional studies
gingivitis
path analysis
self-efficacy
university students
発行日
2012-09
出版物タイトル
Journal of Clinical Periodontology
39巻
9号
出版者
Wiley-Blackwell
開始ページ
844
終了ページ
849
ISSN
0303-6979
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
関連URL
http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/52565
言語
English
著作権者
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S
論文のバージョン
author
査読
有り
DOI
Web of Sience KeyUT