JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32837
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Murakami, Shinichiro| Horiuchi, Kanji| Yamamoto, Chugo| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Murakami, Takuro|
抄録 <p>A rare anomaly of the scalenus muscles is described. In this case, the right scalenus anterior muscle was absent. As a substitute for this muscle, some aberrant muscle slips arose from the lower vertebrae and descended in front of the ventral rami of the lower cervical nerves. These aberrant slips then ran between the ventral rami of the the eighth cervical and first thoracic nerves, and were fused with the right scalenus medius muscle. Thus, the subclavian artery and vein ran in front of the aberrant slips, together with the ventral ramus of the first thoracic nerve. The aberrant muscle slips issued 2 accessory bundles. One bundle ran between the ventral rami of the fourth and fifth cervical nerves and was fused with the scalenus medius muscle; the other bundle ran between the ventral rami of the fifth and sixth cervical nerves and was fused with the scalenus medius muscle.</p>
キーワード scalenus anterior muscle scalenus medius muscle ventral rami of the lower cervical nerves ventral ramus of the first thoracic nerve subclavian artery and vein
Amo Type Article
発行日 2003-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
57巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 159
終了ページ 161
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 12908014
Web of Sience KeyUT 000183816500008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31710
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Murakami, Shinichiro| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Murakami, Takuro|
抄録 <p>Two previously unknown anomalies of the anterior intercostobrachial nerve were described. In one case, the anterior intercostobrachial nerve penetrated the pectoralis minor muscle. In the other case, it penetrated the pectoralis major muscle. In both cases, the anomalous nerve supplied the skin of the upper arm.</p>
キーワード anomalies of intercostobrachial nerve lateral cutaneous branch of the second intercostal nerve pectoralis minor muscle pectoralis major muscle
Amo Type Article
発行日 2002-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
56巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 267
終了ページ 269
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 12530511
Web of Sience KeyUT 000178668100008
著者 Shinaoka, Akira| Momota, Ryusuke| Shiratsuchi, Eri| Kosaka, Mitsuko| Kumagishi, Kanae| Nakahara, Ryuichi| Naito, Ichiro| Ohtsuka, Aiji|
発行日 2013-04
出版物タイトル Microscopy and Microanalysis
19巻
2号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32855
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Shimamura, Yasunori| Nishida, Keiichiro| Imatani, Junya| Noda, Tomoyuki| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 <p>We biomechanically evaluated the bone fixation rigidity of an ONI plate (Group I) during fixation of experimentally created transcondylar humerus fractures in cadaveric elbows, which are the most frequently observed humeral fractures in the elderly, and compared it with the rigidity achieved by 3 conventional fixation methods:an LCP reconstruction plate 3.5 using a locking mechanism (Group II), a conventional reconstruction plate 3.5 (CRP) with a cannulated cancellous screw (Group III), and a CRP with 2 cannulated cancellous screws (CS) in a crisscross orientation (Group IV). In the axial loading test, the mean failure loads were:Group I, 98.9+/-32.6;Group II, 108.5+/-27.2;Group III, 50.0+/-7.5;and Group IV, 34.5+/-12.2 (N). Group I fixations failed at a significantly higher load than those of Groups III and IV (p0.05). In the extension loading test, the mean failure loads were:Group I, 34.0+/-12.4;Group II, 51.0+/-14.8;Group III, 19.3+/-6.0;and Group IV, 14.7+/-3.1 (N). Group IV fixations showed a significantly lower failure load than those of Group I (p0.05). The fixation rigidities against mechanical loading by the ONI plate and LCP plate were comparable. These results suggested that an ONI system might be superior to the CRP and CS method, and comparable to the LCP method in terms of fixation rigidity for distal humerus fractures.</p>
キーワード distal humerus fracture biomechanics internal fixation elderly
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2010-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
64巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 115
終了ページ 120
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 20424666
Web of Sience KeyUT 000276996900005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30373
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Okada, Satoko| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Akagi, Hirofumi| Nishizaki, Kazunori| Masuda, Yu|
抄録 <p>It has previously been confirmed that the guinea pig has aggregations of 10-20 lymphoid follicles at the junction of the nasal cavity and the nasopharyngeal duct. The vascular architecture of this nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) was studied by the corrosion cast/scanning electron microscope method. The NALT was supplied by branches of the inferior nasal artery. These afferent arterial branches gave off arterioles to the follicles and the interfollicular regions, where the arterioles ramified into capillaries. Some of these arterioles reached the subepithelial region to form a single-layer dense capillary network. The subepithelial capillaries gathered into short collecting venules, which in turn drained into high endothelial venules (HEV) in the interfollicular region. The HEV, which also receives tributaries from the follicular and interfollicular capillary plexuses, descended in the interfollicular regions and finally flowed into the efferent veins at the bottom of the NALT. Indentations impressed by high endothelial cells (HEC) were prominent on the surface of the HEV casts, and their frequency was larger in the upper course or segments than in the lower. This suggests that the incidence of HEC in the upper segments is higher than in the lower segments, and these findings are consistent with the hypothesis that some substances which are taken up into the subepithelial capillaries and transported to the venules induce differentiation and maintain of HEVs.</p>
キーワード nasal-associated lymphoid tisse vascular corrosion cast microvascular architecture high endothelial venule guinea pig
Amo Type Article
発行日 1995-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
49巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 213
終了ページ 219
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 7502682
Web of Sience KeyUT A1995RR97800006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31320
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Murakami, Takuro| Mabuchi, Masaru| Giuvarasteanu, Lleana| Kikuta, Akio| Ohtsuka, Aiji|
抄録 <p>Some rare anomalies of the celiaco-mesenteric system were observed postmortem in a Japanese adult male: a) The left gastric, common hepatic, splenic and superior mesenteric arteries arose independently from the abdominal aorta. b) The anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery of the superior mesenteric artery issued a hepatic artery which ascended along the anterior surface of the pancreas and gave off the right gastroepiploic, right gastric and cystic arteries. c) The common hepatic artery gave off an anastomosing branch to the superior mesenteric artery. d) The left gastric artery gave off the left accessory hepatic artery. e) The splenic artery issued the accessory middle colic artery. f) The left inferior phrenic artery gave off the esophageal branch. These anomalies are discussed in light of a typological system which we proposed in a previous paper for the celiaco-mesenteric system.</p>
キーワード arterial anomaly celiac trunk left gastric artery hepatic artery splenic artery intermesenteric anastomosis
Amo Type Article
発行日 1998-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
52巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 239
終了ページ 244
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9810433
Web of Sience KeyUT 000076694300002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32859
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Murakami, Shinichiro| Fujino, Hidemi| Takeda, Isao| Momota, Ryusuke| Kumagishi, Kanae| Ohtsuka, Aiji|
抄録 <p>The skeletal muscle is classified into 2 types, slow oxidative or fast glycolytic muscle. For further characterization, we investigated the capillary architecture in slow and fast muscles. The rat soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles were used as representatives of slow and fast muscles, respectively. To investigate capillary density, sections of both types of muscle were stained with alkaline phosphatase;the soleus muscle showed more intense reactivity, indicating that it had a denser capillary structure than the EDL muscle. We then injected fluorescent contrast medium into samples of both muscle types for light and confocal-laser microscopic evaluation. The capillary density and capillary-to-fiber ratio were significantly higher, and the course of the capillaries was more tortuous, in the soleus muscle than in the EDL muscle. Capillary coursed more tortuously in the soleus than in the EDL muscle. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity, an indicator of mitochondrial oxidative capacity, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression were also significantly higher in the soleus muscle. Thus, we conclude that slow oxidative muscle possess a rich capillary structure to provide demanded oxygen, and VEGF might be involved in the formation and/or maintenance of this highly capillarized architecture.</p>
キーワード skeletal muscle capillaly succinate dehydrogenase activity vascular endothelial growth factor
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2010-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
64巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 11
終了ページ 18
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 20200579
Web of Sience KeyUT 000274868300002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32865
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Murai, Hiroyasu| Hiragami, Fukumi| Kawamura, Kenji| Motoda, Hirotoshi| Koike, Yoshihisa| Inoue, Shigeki| Kumagishi, Kanae| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Kano, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>Among the 3 mitogen-activated protein kinases -- ERK, p38 MAPK and JNK -- JNK has been suggested to participate in apoptosis, whereas p38 MAPK is thought to be part of the differentiation response. There are many common inducers of JNK and p38 MAPK, but the mechanisms underlying the differential response to apoptosis and differentiation are poorly understood. We found that heatshock activated p38 MAPK at 3min after exposure to a temperature of 44 in stress-hypersensitive PC12m3 mutant cells, while it activated JNK at 20min after the same heat treatment. However, heat shock activated p38 MAPK 5min after heat treatment and JNK 10min after heat treatment in PC12 parental cells. The extent of phosphorylation of p38 MAPK induced by heat shock in PC12m3 cells was significantly greater than that in PC12 parental cells, and a high level of heat-shock-induced neurite outgrowth was observed only in PC12m3 cells. On the other hand, heat-shock-induced JNK activation appeared more quickly and apoptosis started earlier in PC12 parental cells. These findings indicate that short stress induces p38 MAPK and longer stress induces JNK, and that the response of these kinases to heat shock differs depending on cell type.</p>
キーワード heat shock neurite outgrowth p38 MAP kinase JNK PC12 mutant cells
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2010-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
64巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 55
終了ページ 62
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 20200585
Web of Sience KeyUT 000274868300008
著者 Momota, Ryusuke| Naito, Ichiro| Ninomiya, Yoshifumi| Ohtsuka, Aiji|
発行日 2011-05
出版物タイトル Matrix Biology
30巻
4号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/40502
フルテキストURL 64_5_277.pdf
著者 Kumase, Fumiaki| Morizane, Yuki| Mohri, Satoshi| Takasu, Ippei| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Ohtsuki, Hiroshi|
抄録 Endothelial glycocalyx (GCX) has been reported as a protective factor for vascular endothelial cells (VEC) in diabetes and hypertension. However, the involvement of GCX impairment in ocular vasculopathy remains unclear. We evaluated the changes in the GCX thicknesses of the retinal and choroidal capillaries in rats with diabetes and hypertension by cationic colloidal iron staining using a transmission electron microscope. In the control group, the mean (standard error of the mean) thicknesses of retinal and choroidal GCX were 60.2 (1.5) nm and 84.3 (3.1) nm, respectively. The diabetic rats showed a significant decrease of GCX thickness in the retina, but not in the choroid, compared to controls (28.3 (0.3) nm, p<0.01 and 77.8 (1.4) nm, respectively). In the hypertensive rats, both retinal and choroidal GCX were significantly decreased compared to the control values (10.9 (0.4) nm and 13.2 (1.0) nm, respectively, both p<0.01). Moreover, we could visualize the adhesion of leukocytes and platelets on the luminal surface of VEC, at the site where the GCX was markedly degraded. These findings suggest that the GCX prevents adhesion of leukocytes and platelets to the VEC surface, and this impairment may lead to ocular vasculopathy in diabetes and hypertension.
キーワード glycocalyx retina choroid diabetes hypertension
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2010-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
64巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 277
終了ページ 283
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2010 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 20975760
Web of Sience KeyUT 000283563300002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31711
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kosaka, Motohiro| Horiuchi, Kanji| Nishida, Keiichiro| Taguchi, Takehito| Murakami, Takuro| Ohtsuka, Aiji|
抄録 <p>The celiac and mesenteric arterial system including the left gastric, splenic, common hepatic, and superior mesenteric arteries shows various types of origins, courses, ramifications and anastomoses. In order to explain the various expressions of this system, we have proposed a typological model, in which celiacomesenteric arteries develop as paired or bilaterally symmetrical primordial vessels originated from the anterior aspect of the aorta, and these vessels anastomose each other with longitudinal and horizontal pathways. Here, we report 3 unusual cases characterized by arterial rings, formed by the left gastric, left accessory hepatic, proper hepatic, anterior pancreaticoduodenal, and dorsal pancreatic arteries. The dorsal pancreatic and anterior pancreaticoduodenal arteries are located to the right and left of the embryonic pancreas developing in the dorsal mesentery, respectively. Such hepatopancreatic arterial rings simultaneously containing right and left elements can only be explained using our typological model, in which the concept of paired arteries or bilateral symmetry is introduced.</p>
キーワード arterial variation celiac trunk superior mesenteric artery typology bilateral symmetry
Amo Type Article
発行日 2002-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
56巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 245
終了ページ 253
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 12530508
Web of Sience KeyUT 000178668100005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31000
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Yamamoto, Chugo| Murakami, Takuro| Ohtsuka, Aiji|
抄録 <p>The deep palmar muscles in monkey hands were studied. The contrahentes muscles mainly arose from the capitate bone, descended palmar to the deep palmar branch of the ulnar nerve and the palmar metacarpophalangeal nerves, and attached to the proximal phalanges or wing tendons of the second, fourth and fifth fingers. In relation to the deep palmar branch of the ulnar nerve and the palmar metacarpophalangeal nerves, the contrahentes muscles are homologous with the adductor pollicis and flexor indicis radialis muscles. The contrahentes muscles occasionally gave off some accessory slips which blended with the interosseous muscles. These findings suggest that the human adductor pollicis muscle is a well-developed remnant of a contrahens muscle, and that the human interosseous muscles contain some remnant of the contrahentes muscle. In fact, a well-developed remnant of a contrahens muscle was found in the fourth finger of a human hand. It is further considered that the human adductor pollicis muscle contains an element of the interosseous muscle of the thumb.</p>
キーワード monkey hands contrahentes muscles adductor pollicis muscle flexor indicis radialis musle interosseous muscles
Amo Type Article
発行日 1988-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
42巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 215
終了ページ 226
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 3177007
Web of Sience KeyUT A1988P884600005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30753
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Nakatani, Satoru| Naito, Ichiro| Momota, Ryusuke| Hinenoya, Noriko| Horiuchi, Kanji| Nishida, Keiichiro| Ohtsuka, Aiji|
抄録 <p>We attempted to prepare colloidal iron within tissues by means of microwave irradiation. Mouse tissue blocks were fixed with a mixture of paraformaldehyde and ferric chloride in a cacodylate buffer, immersed in a cacodylate buffered ferric chloride solution, and irradiated in a microwave processor. Colloidal iron was prepared within tissues or cells, and was observed in the form of electron dense fine granules (1-2 nm in diameter) by transmission electron microscopy. Collagen fibrils in the connective tissue showed colloidal iron deposition at regular periodical intervals. Cells in the splenic tissue showed that fine colloidal granules were deposited on the ribosomes but not on the nuclear chromatin. This finding suggests that ferric ions could not diffuse into the nucleus, which was surrounded by the nuclear envelope. The podocyte processes of the renal glomerulus were stained diffusedly. Though this microwave in situ colloidal iron preparation method has some limitations, it is convenient for use in biomedical specimen preparation in transmission electron microscopy.</p>
キーワード colloidal iron microwave histochemistry transmission electron microscopy
Amo Type Article
発行日 2006-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
60巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 59
終了ページ 64
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 16508690
Web of Sience KeyUT 000235538900007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53119
フルテキストURL 69_1_29.pdf
著者 Nakahara, Ryuichi| Nishida, Keiichiro| Hashizume, Kenzo| Harada, Ryouzou| Machida, Takahiro| Horita, Masahiro| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 The outcome measures in rheumatology clinical trials (OMERACT) scores are the most mature quantitation system for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Direct measuring techniques of synovial volume have been reported with good reproducibility, although few reports have demonstrated the changes of these measures in response to treatment. To assess these clinical responses, we evaluated the correlation of the changes of clinical activity score 28-joints disease activity score (DAS28-CRP) with the changes of OMERACT scores and with synovial volume measurements. Eight RA patients who were treated by biologic agents were examined with MRI of the dominant affected wrist and finger joints before and one year after the treatment. The total OMERACT score was reduced from 48.0 to 41.3, and synovial volume was reduced from 15.4 to 8.8 milliliters. Positive correlations were seen between the changes of DAS28-CRP and the changes of OMERACT synovitis score (r=0.27), OMERACT total score (r=0.43) and synovial volume (r=0.30). Limited to synovium assessment, synovial volume showed a better correlation with DAS28-CRP than the OMERACT synovitis score. On the other hand, the OMERACT total score showed a higher correlation with DAS28-CRP than synovial volume, probably because the OMERACT total score includes scores for bone erosion and bone edema as well.
キーワード magnetic resonance imaging rheumatoid arthritis outcome measures in rheumatology clinical trials scoring system direct volume measuring medical work station
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2015-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
69巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 29
終了ページ 35
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 25703168
Web of Sience KeyUT 000349740300003
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/53113
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31339
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Pu, Jian| Nishida, Keiichiro| Inoue, Hajime| Asahara, Hiroshi| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Murakami, Takuro|
抄録 <p>Mast cells in osteoarthritic and rheumatoid arthritic synovial tissues of the human knee.</p>
キーワード mast cell count osteoaethritis rheumatoid arthritis hydroarthrosis synovial membrance
Amo Type Article
発行日 1998-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
52巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 35
終了ページ 39
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9548992
Web of Sience KeyUT 000072264100005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30483
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tsubouchi, Mari| Tsubochi, Yutaka| Hitomi, Sayoko| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Murakami, Takuro|
抄録 <p>Many neurons in the adult rat cingulate cortex possess perineuronal sulfated proteoglycans detectable with cationic iron colloid and aldehyde fuchsin, or cell surface glycoproteins reactive to lectin Vicia villosa or soybean agglutinin. The perineuronal sulfated proteoglycans develop three to four weeks after birth. The cell surface glycoproteins develop at earlier stage or two to three weeks after birth. Dark or active neurons begin to appear three to four weeks after birth. These findings indicate that the brain matures after birth or during weaning period.</p>
キーワード rat brain perineuronal sulfated proteoglycans cell surface glycoproteins dark neurons
Amo Type Article
発行日 1996-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
50巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 313
終了ページ 317
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8985468
Web of Sience KeyUT A1996WA04500005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30495
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tsubouchi, Yutaka| Tsubouchi, Mari| Hitomi, Sayoko| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Murakami, Takuro|
抄録 <p>Neurons of cerebellar nuclei in the rat brain had a marked surface coat which was stained with cationic iron colloid or aldehyde fuchsin. Neurons with a similar surface coat were also noted in the retrosplenial cortex. The surface coat was stained doubly with cationic iron colloid and aldehyde fuchsin. Digestion with hyaluronidase eliminated the stainability of the surface coat to both agents. Combined digestion with chondroitinase ABC, heparitinase and keratanase eliminated the cationic iron colloid staining but did not interfere with the aldehyde fuchsin staining. Electron microscopy of ultrathin sections revealed that the iron particles were deposited in the perineuronal tissue spaces. These findings indicate that the surface coat consists of sulfated proteoglycans which occupy, as the extracellular matrix, the perineuronal tissue spaces. Many neurons in the retrosplenial cortex were labeled with lectin Vicia villosa agglutinin. Double staining revealed that these lectin-labeled neurons are usually reactive to cationic iron colloid. Few neurons in the cerebellar nuclei were labeled with lectin V. villosa agglutinin.</p>
キーワード perineuronal sulfated proteoglycans cationic iron colloid staining aldehyde fuchsin staining lectin VVA labeling rat brain
Amo Type Article
発行日 1996-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
50巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 237
終了ページ 241
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8914676
Web of Sience KeyUT A1996VQ20600002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30773
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hitomi, Sayoko| Su, Wei Dong| Hong, Luo Jia| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Murakami, Takuro|
抄録 <p>Sections of the visual cortex of newborn (1-4 weeks after birth) and adult cats were stained with cationic iron colloid, aldehyde fuchsin or lectins (lectin Vicia villosa, soybean and Wisteria floribunda agglutinins). Many neurons in the adult cat visual cortex contained perineuronal sulfated proteoglycans detectable with cationic iron colloid and aldehyde fuchsin, or cell surface glycoproteins reactive to lectins. Double staining indicated that some of the lectin-labeled neurons were not stained with cationic iron colloid, and also that some of the cationic iron colloid-stained neurons were not labeled with lectins. The perineuronal sulfated proteoglycans and cell surface glycoproteins developed 3 weeks after birth. In the newborn cats 1-2 weeks after birth, no neurons were reactive to cationic iron colloid, aldehyde fuchsin or lectins. In the newborn cats 34 weeks after birth, it was clearly observed that the cytoplasm of the glial cells closely associated with the neurons containing the perineuronal sulfated proteoglycans showed an intense reaction to cationic iron colloid and aldehyde fuchsin, and that the Golgi complexes of the neurons with cell surface glycoproteins were intensely labeled with lectins. These findings suggest that the perineuronal sulfated proteoglycans are derived from the associated glial cells, and that the cell surface glycoproteins are produced by the associated nerve cells.</p>
キーワード cat brain perineuronal sulfated proteoglycans cell surface glycoproteins cationic iron colloid aldehyde fuchsin lectin
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 295
終了ページ 299
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9439770
Web of Sience KeyUT 000071183400001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30497
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tanaka, Toshihisa| Tsubouchi, Mari| Tsubouchi, Yutaka| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Murakami, Takuro|
抄録 <p>The blood vascular bed, perivascular space and intercellular space of the rat parathyroid gland were studied using scanning electron microscopy of vascular casts, freeze-cracked tissue samples, and NaOH-digested tissue blocks. The findings were supplemented by transmission light and electron microscopy of iron colloid-treated or enzyme-digested tissue sections. The rat parathyroid gland contained a rich network of capillaries. These capillaries were surrounded by marked pericapillary spaces which were demarcated by basal lamina of both capillaries and parenchymal cells. The pericapillary spaces contained numerous collagen fibrils, and issued many crista-like projections which ran deep into the sheets of parenchymal cells. The intercellular spaces of parenchymal cells contained neither basal lamina nor collagen fibrils. The surfaces of the parenchymal cells showed strong negative charging, and maintained the intercellular spaces. The luminal surfaces of the capillary endothelium also showed strong negative charging, and maintained the capillary lumen.</p>
キーワード parathyroid gland cationic and anionic iron colloid stainings vascular casting freeze fracture maceration
Amo Type Article
発行日 1996-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
50巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 242
終了ページ 253
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8914677
Web of Sience KeyUT A1996VQ20600003