著者 Matsuura, Hiroko| Murakami, Takashi| Hina, Kazuyoshi| Yamamoto, Keizo| Kawamura, Hiroshi| Sogo, Taiji| Shinohata, Ryoko| Usui, Shinichi| Ninomiya, Yoshifumi| Kusachi, Shozo|
発行日 2008-02
出版物タイトル Clinical Biochemistry
41巻
3号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15190
タイトル(別表記) The effect of Coicis semen and Rhizopus oligosporus-fermented Coicis semen (tempeh) on serum cholesterol in the rat
フルテキストURL 015_1_009_014.pdf
著者 岡本 基| 臼井 真一| 岡崎 三代|
抄録 はとむぎ(Coicis semen)をテンペ菌(Rhizopus oligosporus)で発酵したはとむぎテンペ(テンペ)の血清コレステロール代謝に対する作用を検討した。生後12週齢のSprague-Dawley系雄ラットに市販固形飼料(コントロール群),はとむぎ混合飼料(はとむぎ群),テンペ混合飼料(テンペ群)を投与し,2,6,18週間後に高速液体クロマトグラフィー法で血清コレステロールを測定した。体重増加,総コレステロールはいずれの時点でも3群間に差がなかったが,テンペ群では投与前と比較して2,6,18週間後にLDLコレステロールが有意に低下し,LDLコレステロール/HDLコレステロール比も2,18週間後に有意に低下した。テンペ群はコントロール群と比較してもLDLコレステロールとLDLコレステロール/HDLコレステロール比が低く,はとむぎ群でも低い傾向がみられたが,有意差はなかった。以上から,テンペがコレステロール代謝改善作用をもつことが示唆された。
抄録(別表記) The effect of Coicis semen and Rhizopus oligosporus-fermented Coicis semen (tempeh) on serum cholesterol fractions was examined in the rat. Twelve-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were received commercial MF meal (control group), Coicis semen-containing MF meal (Coicis semen group), or tempeh-containing MF meal (tempeh group). Cholesterol fractions were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography at the start of experiment, and 2, 6, 18 weeks later. No difference was found in body weight nor total cholesterol among the three groups. LDL cholesterol was significantly lowered in the tempeh group at 2, 6, 18 weeks. LDL cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio also decreased at 2 and 18 weeks. In the both Coicis semen- and tempeh-fooded groups, LDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio were lower than the control group although they were not statistically significant. No difference was found in HDL cholesterol among the three groups. The results suggest that tempeh may have a favorable effect on cholesterol metabolism.
キーワード はとむぎ (Coicis semen) はとむぎテンペ (Rhizopus oligosporus, tempeh) コレステロール (cholesterol) ラット (rat)
出版物タイトル 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
発行日 2004-12-15
15巻
1号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 14
ISSN 1345-0948
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307933
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48264
フルテキストURL 66_2_143.pdf.pdf
著者 Watanabe, Makiko| Ueno, Hiroshi| Suemitsu, Shunsuke| Yokobayashi, Eriko| Matsumoto, Yosuke| Usui, Shinichi| Sujiura, Hiroko| Okamoto, Motoi|
抄録 Recent studies have demonstrated the important role of immune molecules in the development of neuronal circuitry and synaptic plasticity. We have detected the presence of FcγRllB protein in parvalbumin- containing inhibitory interneurons (PV neurons). In the present study, we examined the appearance of PV neurons in the barrel cortex and the effect of sensory deprivation in FcγRllB-deficient mice (FcγRllB-/-) and wild-type mice. There was no substantial difference in the appearance of PV neurons in the developing barrel cortex between FcγRllB-/- and wild-type mice. Sensory deprivation from immediately after birth (P0) or P7 to P12-P14 induced an increase in PV neurons. In contrast, sensory deprivation from P7 or P14 to P28, but not from P21 to P28, decreased PV neurons in wild-type mice. However, sensory deprivation from P0 or P7 to P12-P14 did not increase PV neurons and sensory deprivation from P7 or P14 to P28 did not decrease or only modestly decreased PV neurons in FcγRllB-/- mice. The results indicate that expression of PV is regulated by sensory experience and the second and third postnatal weeks are a sensitive period for sensory deprivation, and suggest that FcγRllB contributes to sensory experience-regulated expression of PV.
キーワード parvalbumin fast-spiking interneurons FcγRllB barrel cortex sensory deprivation
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2012-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
66巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 143
終了ページ 154
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 22525472
Web of Science KeyUT 000303175300007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/50406
フルテキストURL 67_3_135.pdf
著者 Ueno, Hiroshi| Shoshi, Chikafumi| Suemitsu, Shunsuke| Usui, Shinichi| Sujiura, Hiroko| Okamoto, Motoi|
抄録 In the phenomenon known as cross-modal plasticity, the loss of one sensory system is followed by improved functioning of other intact sensory systems. MRI and functional MRI studies suggested a role of the prefrontal cortex and the temporal lobe in cross-modal plasticity. We used a mouse model to examine the effects of sensory deprivation achieved by whisker trimming and visual deprivation achieved by dark rearing in neonatal mice on the appearance of parvalbumin (PV) neurons and the formation of glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 (GAD67)-positive puncta around pyramidal neurons in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. Whisker trimming, but not dark rearing, decreased the density of PV neurons in the hippocampus at postnatal day 28 (P28). In the prefrontal cortex, whisker trimming and dark rearing decreased the density of PV neurons in layer 5/6 (L5/6) at P28 and in L2/3 at P56, respectively, whereas dark rearing increased the density of PV neurons in L5/6 at P56. Whisker trimming decreased the density of GAD67-positive puncta in CA1 of the hippocampus at both P28 and P56 and in L5/6 of the prefrontal cortex at P28. Dark rearing decreased the density of GAD67-positive puncta in CA1 of the hippocampus and in both L2/3 and L5/6 of the prefrontal cortex at P28, and in L2/3 of the prefrontal cortex at P56. These results demonstrate that somatosensory or visual deprivation causes changes in the PV-interneuronal network in the mouse prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. The results also suggest that the alteration of the PV-interneuronal network, especially in the prefrontal cortex, may contribute to cross-modal plasticity.
キーワード sensory deprivation parvalbumin glutamate decarboxylase (GAD67) prefrontal cortex hippocampus
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2013-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
67巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 135
終了ページ 143
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 23804136
Web of Science KeyUT 000320747900002
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/50870