JaLCDOI 10.18926/15460
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_45.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 橋本 成仁| 奈良 重俊|
抄録 Difficulties in simulating systems composed of classical and quantum particles lie in the treatment of the many-body interactions between quantum particles and the geometrical variety of configurations of classical particles. In order to overcome these difficulties, we have developed some numerical methods and applied them to simple cases. As for stationary states, the finite element method provides us with sufficient geometrical freedom. Combined with the Kohn-Sham equation based on the density functional theory, this method virtually satisfies our requirement. In order to investigate time-dependent phenomena, we apply the time-dependent Kohn-Sham equation. Adopting the finite difference method, we are able to follow the development of quantum many-body system. As an example, we estimate the effects of the potential height, the electric field, and many-body interactions in some transition processes in quantum wells coupled by a tunneling barrier. This example is important in itself in relation to semiconductor superlattices and also serves as a benchmark for quantum simulations, variety of geometry corresponding to that of classical particles.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
開始ページ 45
終了ページ 52
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307158
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15394
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_55.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| Tachibana Hiroyuki| Hashimoto Seiji| 奈良 重俊|
抄録 The ground state of a system of electrons accumulated in a pair of coupled symmetric quantum wires is analyzed on the basis of density functional theory. It is shown that, in a domain of physical parameters, electrons are localized in either of wires. The main contribution to the total energy of this system comes from the Hartree energy, or the electrostatic energy, and the exchange-correlation energy between electrons. The ground state is determined by a competition between these contributions: We have symmetric electron distributions when the Hartree energy dominates and asymmetric (localized) states are realized in the opposite case. This kind of simple system with bistable electronic states may be applied to semiconductor memory devices.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1992-11-25
開始ページ 55
終了ページ 64
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307892
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14367
タイトル(別表記) The Lectures on the Development of Teaching Plans and Teaching Materials Tried in the Science Education Class in Master's Course, Okayama University
フルテキストURL 007_001_007.pdf
著者 稲田 佳彦| 柿原 聖治| 喜多 雅一| 山下 信彦| 石川 彰彦| 小倉 久和| 安藤 元紀| 草地 功| 加藤 内蔵進| 吉岡 勉| 河田 有紀| 平山 元士| 橋本 誠治| 赤崎 哲也| 東 伸彦| 別役 昭夫|
抄録 岡山大学大学院教育学研究科の理科教育専攻の講義として、教材開発・授業案開発をテーマとした新しい講義を試みたのでその報告を行う。本講義は、理科教育講座に所属する大学院生、理科教育講座の大学教員、附属学校の理科関係の教諭が三者協働で進めることが特徴である。課題設定、教材開発を含めた実践準備および実践を院生チームを組み遂行させ、さらに経験や専門性の異なる人材と論議を重ねて活動を進めることを通じ、将来、協働で学校現場の課題提案・解決を行うことのできる能力を養うことを目標とした。
抄録(別表記) This is a report of the new type of lectures on the development of teaching plans and teaching materials attempted in the science class in the Master's Course, Okayama University. The lectures were conducted in collaboration of the graduate students and the academic staffs in the science education course, and the science teachers of the attached school of Okayama University. The graduate students were grouped into two teams of five or six people, assigned to decide on themes, prepare and practice the development of teaching plans and teaching materials. They conducted their activities discussing problems with people of different experience and specialty, thus developing the ability to jointly propose and solve problems at schools in future.
キーワード 大学院講義 (Science Education Class in the Master's Course) 附属学校 (Attached School) 授業実践 (education practice) 教材開発 (Development of Teaching Materials) 授業案開発 (Development of Teaching Plans)
出版物タイトル 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
発行日 2007-03-10
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 7
ISSN 1346-3705
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308464