|| The utility value was compared among 3 surgical interventions, and the validity of the time trade-off (TTO) method was evaluated by analyzing the correlations of the utility value with the results of the Visual Function Questionnaire-14 (VF-14) and other variables. The subjects were 127 patients aged 40-85 years who were surgically treated between January 2008 and March 2010, including 26 patients with glaucoma, 50 with cataracts, and 51 with comitant strabismus. The scores on VF-14 and utility values determined using TTO were calculated retrospectively. The mean value (SD) of the utility gain was 0.096 (0.105) for glaucoma, 0.101 (0.105) for comitant strabismus, and 0.167 (0.237) for unilateral and 0.245 (0.167) for bilateral cataracts, indicating significant postoperative improvements in the utility value. A significant correlation was observed between the utility value and the postoperative VF-14 scores of the bilateral cataracts, and the postoperative visual acuity of the better eye of the unilateral cataract. The mean value of the quality-adjusted life years was 2.181 for bilateral and 1.424 for unilateral
cataracts, 1.132 for strabismus, and 0.870 for glaucoma with an annual discount rate of 3%. The gain of utility value was highest in bilateral cataracts, and lowest in glaucoma, and thus the TTO analysis was considered to be highly valid for cataract surgery.