JaLCDOI 10.18926/15451
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_45.pdf
著者 河野 伊一郎| 西垣 誠| 竹下 祐二|
抄録 There are two classifications of the mechanism of levee failure caused by floods; local seepage failure and progressive failure. The fundamental causes of levee failure produced by piping and erosion were studied and the safety of river leves during floods evaluated in terms of soil machanics. The critical hydraulic gradient and the process of progressive failure were obtained from one- and two- dimensional model experiments for piping and erosion. Problems inherent in and preventive measures against levee failure are discussed. In particular, effects of the Tsukinowa method, the most representative Japanese flood fighting method, were studied experimentally and improvements proposed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-03-31
22巻
開始ページ 45
終了ページ 62
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307536
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15452
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_9.pdf
著者 榊原 精| Kanadani, Teruto| Nakagawa, K.| Yokota, Y.|
抄録 The state above the solubility temperature of GP zones of Al-3mass % Mg alloy, which has a tendency for precipitation and preprecipitation at low temperature, was studied by resistivity measurement. Homogenization treatment at high temperature reduced Mg atoms in the surface layer. After quenching from 623K, the specimen was annealed sequentially at various temperatures above the GP zone solvus. The stationary resistivity obtained in annealing at a temperature was the same irrespective of the starting state and increased with decreasing annealing temperature. No precipitation was observed in the annealing. The results are not in favor of the segregation of Mg atoms to the dislocation loops but of the short range clustering.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 12
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307581
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15453
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_13.pdf
著者 Kusumoto, Hisao| 飛田 守孝| 榊原 精| Nishida, Norihide| 竹元 嘉利| 山田 益男|
抄録 The strain in Si substrate induced by locally ion-plated thin film of TiN was observed by X-ray topograph (Lang technique). Circular TiN film was deposited on one side of the Si surface. In all topographs the highest blackness attributed to kinematical diffraction effect occurred at the film edge. Rosette pattern with four-lobes was observed around the film. Blackness as a whole increased with the film thickness. Strain was observed in the depth direction of substrate by limited projection method. When the slit width was narrowed, the kinematical images disappeared, and white images appeared at the film edge. All the contrast disappeared when the TiN film was completely removed in boiling HNO(3). The strain induced by the film deposition was proved to be elastic.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 13
終了ページ 20
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307150
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15454
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_63.pdf
著者 Myojin Syo| Kishino Keiichi| Yamada Masahito|
抄録 The paper is a case study mode choice in interregional occupational person trips. Disagregate behavioral model of logit type is applied to the occupational person trips from Tsuyama area in Okayama Prefecture to Osaka area. The model turned out to give asignificant explanation of the interregional mode choice characteristics. Travel time, travelling expenses and " with or wi thout heavy baggage " were found to be significant.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-03-31
22巻
開始ページ 63
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307421
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15455
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_1.pdf
著者 松田 正明| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 Display equipment has been used as communication media in the factory, office, and home. In order to communicate effectively, it is necessary to clarify the characteristics of eye movement in the case of looking at the display. The development of Eye Camera enables us to measure eye movement during work, so that we can collect the many data of eye movement during work. In this study, we proposed a method to evaluate the visual work using the distribution of visual points in X and Y axis. The cumulative distribution is approximated by the logistic curve which shows the symmetry and kurtosis by the parameter. The proposed method was applied to the three typical display models, that is, the digital meter model, reading model, and game model. In the digital meter model, the visual points were distributed symmetrically along the meters, and the symmetry and kurtosis of the distribution varied by the arranged direction of the meter. In the reading model, the visual points were distributed nearly symmetrically and uniformly in each axis and they were moved around the character and line from the period of spectrum analysis. In the game model, the visual points moved according to the target and were distributed symmetrically in the Y axis. And whether the target moved vertically or horizontally, the kurtosis of the distribution became equal in each axis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 12
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307354
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15456
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_21.pdf
著者 山本 恭二| Jiao Xuezhen|
抄録 An experimental investigation has been made of the cyclone dust collector with a perforated internal rotating cylinder. The size of the rotating cylinder is of 0.5D, where D is the diameter of the cyclone body, and is the same size as the outlet tube. The dust collection efficiency as well as the pressure loss has been measured when the inlet flow speed is 9 ~ 21 m/s and the rotating speed of the cylinder is 37 ~ 63 m/s. The velocity and pressure distributions were also measured. It is found that the collection efficiency decreases and the pressure loss increases as the rotating speed increases. It is also shown that both the inward radial velocity and the upward vertical velocity become large as the rotating cylinder increases its speed. As a whole, the rotation of the internal cylinder makes worse performance of the cyclone dust collector.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 21
終了ページ 31
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307575
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15458
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_33.pdf
著者 Wang, Ming| Ahmed, Anis| 和田 修己| 古賀 隆治|
抄録 Proposed here is a convenient optical system to collimate the crescent shaped blue laser beam radiated from a Cerenkov SHG in channel waveguide configuration. This collimation system is consisted of a parabolic mirror and has a very large tolerance to the mirror displacement. The anisotropy of the nonlinear crystal on which the waveguide is fabricated has been taken into account. The optimum mirror location is given to obtain a collimated blue laser beam with an aberration less than 0.07λ. By using an objective lens, the collimated beam can be focused down to a thin beam with the spot size less than 1μm.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 33
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307149
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15459
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_31.pdf
著者 三浦 嘉也| Yuasa Motokazu| 尾坂 明義| 高橋 克明|
抄録 Sodium borosilicate gels of compositions similar to that of Vycor(R) glass like 80SiO(2).15B(2)O(3).5Na(2)O(wt%) were prepared from hydrolysis and polycondensation of tetraethyl orthosilicate, trimethyl borate, and sodium methylate under the HCl catalysis. Variation of the gelation time is examined as a function of the mixing ratio of the starting materials and the catalyst. The thermal behavior of the gels has been discussed on the basis of their TG and DTA traces.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 31
終了ページ 38
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307464
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15462
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_39.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| Yuasa Motokazu| 三浦 嘉也| 高橋 克明|
抄録 Sodium borosilicate gels of compositions similar to that of Vycor(R) glass like 80SiO(2).15B(2)O(3).5Na(2)O (wt%) were prepared from hydrolysis and polycondensation of metal alkoxides under the HCl catalysis. Variation of specific surface area and porosity with temperature indicated that closed pores were opened below 400℃, and collapsed above 450℃ after the porosity reached a maximum value around 450℃. The structural evolution was examined due to IR spectra and a phase separation in the gels was observed. The solubility of the gels into 1N-HCl was studied as a function of the treatment temperature.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 48
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307518
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15465
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_49.pdf
著者 岡 久雄| 山本 辰馬| Isayama Yoshiharu|
抄録 In the field of dental study it is most fundamental and necessary to estimate the condition of periodontium. In order to examine a mechanical characteristics of periodontium, the theoretical displacement response to periodontal mechanical model (three elements model) are strictly solved in case of some pulse excitations. Impact excitations (rectangular, triangular and half-cycle sine pulse) are given in physical and mathematical definitions and complete solutions to the impact excitations are provided. The triangular pulse excitation which is obtained by means of a fracture of pencil-lead is most suitable. The mechanical parameters of periodontium are given using this input excitation. This is experimentally confirmed by artificial tooth model. The obtained mechanical characteristic of the periodontal tissues can be applied to clinical diagnosis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 49
終了ページ 60
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307622
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15466
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_1.pdf
著者 吉田 彰| 大上 祐司| 藤井 正浩|
抄録 To clarify the effects of a drive system lubricant additive upon rolling fatigue of rollers manufactured from carburized and hardened steel, three types of oil were used as lubricants: one mineral base oil and the other two mineral base oils to which an S-P additive package and ATF additive package were added, respectively. These specimens were tested for sliding/rolling fatigue and examined for failure on the surface, rolling fatigue strength, and other properties. Roller surface temperatures and inter-roller frictional coefficients were found scarcely affected by the type of oil used. Irrespective of the difference in oil type, failure on the surface was found to be entirely spalling attributable to cracks generated in the subsurface. The depth at which spalling cracks had taken place was found nearly coincident with the depth at which a ratio of reversing orthogonal shear stress to hardness had amplitude A(Tyz/Hv) maximized. These depths were larger as Hertz stress became more prominent. Nevertheless, they were found hardly affected by the type of oil. Although rolling fatigue strength did not show a significant difference dependent upon the type of oil, it may be said that fatigue life would be somewhat negatively affected by an extreme pressure coated film with a content of sulfur and phosphorus.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-11-29
24巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 12
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307588
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15467
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_61.pdf
著者 山本 尚武| 山本 辰馬|
抄録 Skin impedance satisfies the Cole-Cole arc's law. The change of skin impedance during GSR (Galvanic Skin Reflex) can be expressed by the change of equivalent parallel resistance approximately. Using these characteristics, the complicated change of skin impedance during GSR can be determined continuously from the measurement value in one frequency point.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 68
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307322
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15468
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_69.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| Takei Makoto|
抄録 The statistical properties of two-dimensional systems of charges in semiconductor superlattices are analyzed and the dispersion relation of the plasma oscillation is calculated. The possibility to excite these oscillations by applying the electric field parallel to the structure is discussed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 69
終了ページ 82
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307988
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15469
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_2_1.pdf
著者 Kamiyabu, Hideto| 榊原 精| Maeda, Hironobu| 飛田 守孝|
抄録 Surface tension (γ(L)) and contact angle (θ) of gallium related to wettability on Teflon and other substrates (Al(2)O(3), SiO(2), glass, graphite, BN, AI, Ni, As etc.) were investigated. The values of Teflon were 0.70(6)N/m and 158° in pure argon atmosphere, and the ones of other substrates were listed in a table in this text. We were interested especially in the relative values, γ(L)'s, on the substrates as compared with γ(L) on Teflon substrate. Liquid Ga showed spreading wetting on pure Ni metal and adhesional wetting on Al (supposed to be covered by A1(2)O(3)) and on metallic polycrystal As. Surface tension of Ga was remarkably decreased by a kind of oxide contamination due to oxygen in air. The surface layer coated by the contamination was of amorphous state nearly same as liquid Ga. The amorphous coat caused liquid Ga rather high supercooling of △T~35K. It seems that the contamination layer (oxide fi1m) smeared the crystal nucleation sites on the free surface of liquid Ga
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-03-30
23巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 8
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307294
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15470
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_13.pdf
著者 Uno, Yoshiyuki| Nakajima, Toshikatsu| Endo, Osamu|
抄録 The generation mechanism of crater in electrical discharge machining is analyzed with a single pulse discharge device for alloy tool steel, black alumina ceramics, cermet and cemented carbide, investigating the gap voltage, the discharge current, the shape of crater, the wear of electrode and so on. The experimental analysis makes it clear that the shape of crater has a characteristic feature for the kind of workpiece. The shape of electrode, which changes with the wear by an electric spark, has a significant effect on the shape of crater. The diameter and the depth of crater have a close relation to the discharge energy for alloy tool steel, black alumina ceramics and cermet, while those for cemented carbide are related to the discharge current. The shape factor which is the ratio of the depth to the diameter of crater is different for the work material.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-11-29
24巻
1号
開始ページ 13
終了ページ 24
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307269
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15471
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_25.pdf
著者 梶原 康博| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 An expert system, in which preconditions and rules are expressed in logical formulas, is developed to support the scheduling of an automated job shop type multi-item assembly line. This system has the foIIowing characteristics to apply any case of schedulings: (1)Forward scheduling orbackward scheduling can be made. (2)The criterion on the input order of products, the dispatching process at each assembly station, and the selection of products from a buffer can be selected from several priority criteria. (3)Layout, number and velocity of vehicles, and the capacity of each buffer can be changed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-11-29
24巻
1号
開始ページ 25
終了ページ 39
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307454
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15472
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_2_9.pdf
著者 Kuroda Tsutomu| 大崎 紘一| 松田 正明| Fujisawa Keita|
抄録 Multi-item flexible manufacturing systems have been spread to correspond the short life-cycle and the diversification of products. Part handling plays an important role to operate multi-functional robot efficiently in these systems, and many jigs are widely used to hold a part. They should be exchanged at once according to changing products. In this paper, we propose a pin jig which holds a part with two pins, and design method of the position, length and diameter of those pins for a cylindrical part. This jig has the following characteristics. As a surface of the jig is inclined to use gravity, the part can be fixed without any external forces. Therefore the structure of jig becomes simple, and loading and unloading of a part becomes easy for a robot hand.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-03-30
23巻
2号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 19
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307693
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15473
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_61.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| Kawabata Kouji| 難波 徳郎| 高田 潤| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 Mullite-dispersed silica ceramics were prepared through sol-gel processing by the use of tetraethoxy silane, aluminium nitrate and aluminium isopropoxide as the Si and Al sources where HCl and HN0(3) were the catalyst. Effect of the starting materials, solvents and catalysts was examined on the gelation time or temperature of mullite precipitation. Apparent activation energy of gelation ranged from 80 to 95kJ/mol. The presence of AI in the sols elongated the gelling time suggesting the formation of chelate bonds between AI and Si-OR or Si-OH bonds.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1992-03-28
26巻
2号
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 67
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307416
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15474
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_53.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| Takao Seiji| 小田 喜一| 高田 潤| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 Electrical resistance and X-ray photoelectron depth profile analysis are studied for antimony doped tin oxide films developed on silica, alkali-free and sodalime slide glass substrates. The sodium ions diffused from the substrates to the films prevented the crystal growth of rutile type tin oxide in the film, resulting in the high electrical resistance. A diffusion layer has been detected for each film with diffuse profiles of multi valent cations (Sn, Si or Ca) at the interface of the tin oxide film and substrate. A greater amount of sodium atoms have been detected in the film developed on the soda-lime glass while almost no sodium atoms have been found in those on the other substrates. This can be explained by the diffusion of the sodium ions in the substrate due to a drastic hydronium-sodium exchange mechanism under highly acidic conditions during the dipping and drying processes.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-11-29
24巻
1号
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 61
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307279
著者 東辻 浩夫|
発行日 1991-03-28
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
25巻
2号
資料タイプ 紀要論文